The IVF journey to bring Jordan to us! We are so lucky to have him and thankful for the technology! Just found a typo. Sorry about that!
Close up of flowers, leaves and spathe of Commelina benghalensis … Chụp gần hoa, lá và mo của cây Thài lài lông, Trai đầu rìu ….
Image by Vietnam Plants & The USA. plants
Vietnamese named : Thài Lài lông, Trai Đầu Rìu
English names : Benghal dayflower
Scientist name : Commelina benghalensis L.
Synonyms : Commelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
Family : Commelinaceae. Họ Thài Lài ( Họ Trai )
Searched from :
**** TRUNG TÂM DỮ LIỆU THỰC VẬT VIETNAM
Tên Khoa học: Commelina benghalensis L. 1753 (CCVN, 3: 461)
Tên tiếng Anh:
Tên tiếng Việt: Thài lài lông; Đầu rìu
Tên khác: C. cucullata L. 1771. (FC:39)
Thài lài lông, Ðầu riều, Trai ấn – Commelina benghalensis L., thuộc họ Thài lài – Commelinaceae.
Mô tả: Cây thảo sống lâu năm, mọc bò lan trên mặt đất, thân cành nhiều, dài tới 70cm hay hơn, có lông. Lá mọc so le, hình bầu dục thuôn, dài 8-12cm, rộng 3-3,5cm, chóp lá có đuôi, bẹ có rìa lông. Trên nhánh ở đất, hoa ngậm, vàng vàng, ở nhánh đứng, cụm hoa có vài chùm ít hoa, hoa lam có 3 nhị sinh sản. Quả nang cao 6mm, 2 ô 4 hạt.
Bộ phận dùng: Toàn cây – Herba Commelinae Benghalensis.
Nơi sống và thu hái: Thài lai lông phân bố rộng rãi ở các vùng nhiệt đới của châu Á và châu Phi. Ở nước ta, cây mọc phổ biến ở khắp nơi, chỗ ẩm mát, trên các bãi đất hoang, hoặc ven rừng thưa, ven suối ẩm.
Thành phần hóa học: Người ta đã biết thành phần dinh dưỡng của Thài lài lông gồm chất khô 16,5%, protein 2,21%, lipid 0,31%, glucid 8,77%, cellulose 1,35% và khoáng toàn phần 3,86%; có caroten 1,6mg% và vitamin C 48,3mg%.
Tính vị, tác dụng: Vị đắng, tính hàn, có tác dụng thanh nhiệt giải độc, lợi niệu, tiêu thũng, có tính làm dịu, nhuận tràng.
Công dụng, chỉ định và phối hợp: Thài lài lông có ngọn và lá non, vò kỹ, thái nhỏ, luộc hay nấu canh ăn; trâu bò và lợn cũng thích ăn rau này, nhất là trâu bò cái mới sinh.
Ở Ấn Độ, người ta dùng cây chữa bệnh phong hủi.
Ở Vân Nam (Trung Quốc) cây được dùng trị trẻ em viêm phổi, tiểu tiện bất lợi, mụn nhọt lở ngứa.
Commelina benghalensis L. – Thài lài lông, Cỏ đầu rìu.
Cỏ cao 30 – 60m. Rễ chùm. Thân phân nhánh bén rễ ở các mấu. Lá dài 2 – 6cm, rộng 1 – 3cm, hình bầu dục; bẹ lá hình ống hẹp.
Cụm hoa là chùm thưa hoa, 2 – 4 hoa bao bọc trong các mo; gần gốc có mo ít phát triển, chứa hoa không nở, sinh quả nang chín ở dưới đất. Lá đài 3, màu vàng rồi màu xanh. Cánh hoa 3 hoặc 2, màu thanh thiên hay trắng, 3 nhị sinh sản; bao phấn 2 ô nứt dọc; 3 nhị không sinh sản hoặc 3 nhị lép cấu tạo bởi một phiến hình cánh hoa có 2 thùy. Vòi hình trụ, khá to. Quả nang 3 ô; 2 ô ở phía bụng, mỗi ô đựng 4 hạt; ô ở phía lưng hình lòng thuyền đựng 1 hạt. Hạt hình khối nhiều mặt, vỏ hạt có nếp uốn lượn ở mặt ngoài, có mào dọc màu nâu ở mặt trong.
Phân bố rộng rãi ở các vùng nhiệt đới và cận nhiệt đới của châu Á và châu Phi. Ở nước ta, cây mọc khắp nơi từ Lào Cai, Lạng Sơn cho tới thành phố Hồ Chí Minh.
Thường gặp ở chỗ ẩm mát, trên các bãi đất hoang, ven rừng thưa, ven suối ẩm, trong sân vườn và dọc đường đi.
Ra hoa vào mùa hạ và mùa thu.
Thài lài lông có ngọn và lá non, vò kỹ, thái nhỏ, luộc hay nấu canh ăn; trâu bò và lợn cũng thích ăn rau này, nhất là trâu bò cái mới sinh.
Ở Ấn Độ, người ta dùng cây chữa bệnh phong hủi.
Ở Vân Nam (Trung Quốc), cây được dùng trị trẻ em viêm phổi, tiểu tiện bất lợi, mụn nhọt lở ngứa.
Taxonomic name: Commelina benghalensis L.
Synonyms: Commelina canescens Vahl, Commelina cucullata L., Commelina delicatula Schltdl., Commelina kilimandscharica K. Schum., Commelina mollis Jacq., Commelina nervosa Burm. f., Commelina procurrens Schltdl., Commelina prostrata Regel, Commelina pyrrhoblepharis Hassk. (1867), Commelina turbinata Vahl
Organism type: herb
Believed to be native only to tropical Asia and Africa, Commelina benghalensis is a widely distributed herbaceous weed that commonly invades agricultural sites and disturbed areas. Though not commonly reported to invade natural areas, this rapidly reproducing plant is considered one of the most troublesome weeds for 25 crops in 29 different countries.
Commelina benghalensis can be an annual or perennial herb. Leaves are ovate to lancolate, 2.5-7.5cm long, 1.5-4cm wide, with parallel veination, entire leaf margins, and pubescence on top and bottom. The leaf sheath is covered in red and sometimes white hairs at the apex which is a primary identification factor for this species. Stems can be erect or crawling along the ground rooting at the nodes or climbing if supported, 10-30cm in height, 20-90cm in length, covered in a fine pubescence and dichotomously branched. Flowers are produced in spathes often found in clusters, funnel shaped, fused by two sides, 10-20 mm long, 10-15 mm wide, on peduncles 1-3.5 mm in length. Aerial flowers are staminate, perfect, and chasmogamous with 3 petals 3-4 mm long. The upper two flower petals are blue to lilac in color, with the lower petal lighter in color or white and much less prominent. Seeds are rectangular, 1.6-3 mm in length, 1.3-1.8 mm wide, brown to black in color, and have a netted appearance (Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina spp., Commelina virginica
In Africa and India the leaves and stems of Commelina benghalensis are chopped and cooked as vegetables and used as feed for livestock. Different components of C. benghalensis are also used as a medicinal for ailments such as sore feet, sore throat, burns, eye irritation, thrush in infants, and stomach irritation. In southern Africa, C. benghalensis is used to combat infertility (van der Burg, 2004).
Preventative measures: Preventing dense populations of Commelina benghalensis from establishing in agricultural areas helps avoid the accumulation of large seed banks. Cultivation of a cover crop can be used to smother emerging and established populations of C. benghalensis, however mechanical or chemical removal may be needed prior to planting the cover crop. Increasing the density of plants in soybeans and doubling rows in corn helps control and shade out C. benghalensis (Flanders, 2007; NAPPO, 2003; Prostko, 2005).
Physical: Removal by pulling or use of a tool such as a hoe, or mechanical cultivation have a varying, but usually low, degree of success due to the regenerative properties of C. benghalensis. In one study, comparing conventional tillage to strip tillage, conventional tillage was shown to have a much lower density (3 plants/m2 versus 60 plants/m2) of C. benghalensis in a weed count performed after peanuts and cotton were planted (Brecke, 2007; NAPPO, 2003).
Chemical: The use of herbicides with residual activity to combat C. benghalensis is often most effective because of the weed’s ability to germinate through out the growing season. C. benghalensis is resistant to glyphosphate in "Roundup Ready" cotton . In one study, adding metachlor to the first glyphosphate application increased control to 96% under conventional tillage and 75% under strip tillage with 50% soil disturbance. According to Prostko (2005), "Dual Magnum" is the most effective residual herbicide to control C. benghalensis in cotton crops. Prostko also suggests "Dual Magnum" application in peanuts for successful suppression, especially if at least 0.5 inches of rain or irrigation is received within 7-10 days. Early post-emergence applications of herbicide should be performed before seedlings of C. benghalensis reach 3-4 inches (Brecke, 2007; Flanders, 2007).
Integrated management: Pieces of cut stems of C. benghalensis, usually cut during physical eradication or cultivation, have the ability to survive a short period of drought stress and resprout. Stem segments must desiccate to a moisture content of 50% for a period of 30 days to reach a 0% regeneration rate, however the size of the stem segment may lengthen the period of viability (Grey, 2007).
In its native range, Commelina benghalensis is a rainy season weed which requires moist soil conditions for establishment. Once established it has a high drought tolerance. C. benghalensis grows well on all soil types of variable pH and moisture levels (NAPPO, 2003; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina benghalensis acts as a herbaceous perennial in its native range and as an annual weed in the southeastern United States. Propagation of C. benghalensis can be both sexual and vegetative, and can possess both aerial and subterranean flowers. Aerial flowers are chasmogamous and self fertilizing, producing one large seed and 4 small. Subterranean flowers are cleistogamous (self fertilizing and do not open), producing one large seed and two small. C. benghalensis has the ability to germinate throughout the growing season. The rate of reproduction of this plant rivals that of any agronomic weed (Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
Commelina benghalensis grows as a perennial in tropical climates and as an annual in the temperate United States. This difference in lifecycle can be associated with a difference in ploidy levels, with tropical C. benghalensis being hexaploid and temperate being diploid. Tropical hexaploid plants rarely have subterranean flowers. C. benghalensis can produce seeds within 40-45 days of emergence and has multiple generations per year. Subterranean flowers develop about 6 weeks after emergence, aerial flowers develop about 8-10 weeks after emergence. Fruits are produced within 3 days after flowering, with viable seeds within 25 days after flowering. There are four categories of seeds, large and small aerial and large and small subterranean. Small aerial seeds account for 73-79% of all seeds found. Small aerial seeds have a stronger dormancy than large. Clipping the seed coat or exposing the seeds to temperatures in excess off 90 degrees Celsius for 2 hours removed dormancy for all seeds. The optimal temperature for germination of aerial seeds is 18-25 degrees Celsius and 21-28 degrees Celsius for subterranean seeds. The optimal depth for emergence is 2 inches, with larger seeds emerging from depths up to 6 inches (Flanders, 2007; Prostko, 2005; Webster et al., 2005).
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In parts of West Africa, e.g. Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana, the leaves of Commelina benghalensis are cooked and eaten as a vegetable. The leaves are mucilagenous. In Kenya young leaves are eaten as a relish; older leaves are regarded as too acidic and bitter to use. In Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania the leaves and stems are chopped and cooked alone or with other vegetables such as Bidens pilosa L. or Cleome hirta Oliv. It is also reported as a vegetable in Ethiopia. In Indonesia the leaves and young tops are occasionally steamed and eaten as a vegetable, and in the Philippines they are eaten cooked. In India the leaves are eaten as famine food.
In Sudan and eastern Africa the plants are grazed by domestic stock, at the same time providing part of the cattle’s need for water. In northern Ghana it is a favourite feed for pigs and poultry; in Tanzania it is given to animals, especially pigs and rabbits. The flowers provide bee forage. In southern Africa however, its use as pig feed is restricted to times of scarcity as it is thought to cause a sort of ‘measles’ in the animals. There may be edaphic or genetic differences causing such differences in properties, but these may also originate from misidentifications, because most Commelina species resemble each other very closely.
In southern Nigeria the plant is used as a poultice for sore feet. In East Africa the sap of Commelina benghalensis leaves and stems is used to treat ophthalmia, sore throat and burns, and the liquid contained in the flowering spathe is used to treat eye complaints in Zanzibar. In Uganda and Tanzania the sap is used topically against thrush in infants, and in Tanzania a solution of pounded leaves soaked in warm water to treat diarrhoea. In southern Africa Commelina benghalensis is used to counter infertility in women, and a decoction of the root is used for the relief of stomach disorders. In India it is said to be beneficial for leprosy, and in the Philippines it is used as an emollient suppository for strangury. In Rajasthan (India) sheep with jaundice are treated with a mixture of the plant with whey and common salt.
The rhizomes are starchy and mucilaginous. In India and Sudan they are commonly cooked and eaten, and are said to be a wholesome food. In India and China a dye is obtained from the sap of the flowers.
Dry leaves of a sample of Commelina benghalensis from Bouaké, Côte d’Ivoire, contained per 100 g: protein 13.6 g, fat 2.1 g, carbohydrate 58 g, fibre 41 g (Busson, 1965). All aboveground parts are astringent and contain hydrocyanic acid. Commelina benghalensis has given negative results in tests for antibacterial effects.
Infertility related problems among young men and women all over the world reveals a phenomenon.With spread of fertility clinics stigma attached to the problem is slowly going away and the awareness about availability of IVF treatment is also spreading.
Infertility has become a serious issue ensuring a lot of attention throughout the world.Some experts say the problem may have assumed proportions of ‘an epidemic’ with sterility almost tripled in recent years even among couples trying to have babies early.
It may be the little things that count when it comes to boosting fertility. Fertility experts help us understand what you may be doing wrong.The Fertility Diet: Groundbreaking Research Reveals Natural Ways to Boost Ovulation and Improve Your Chances of Getting Pregnant.
For some couples fertility and getting pregnant are as easy as eating cake. For others, the world of reproductive technology becomes the only hope for conception.
In between, however, are a growing number of couples playing the fertility “waiting game.” Some may not yet be ready to turn to technology while others may have failed to discover their problem even in a high-tech arena.
It is for this group that many physicians are now looking to the everyday factors that might make a difference.
The process of increasing fertility is not a complicated one, however, it can be a moderately difficult one as it requires sometimes drastic lifestyle changes.
Lifestyle modification to tackle obesity, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption, have been proposed as crucial in influencing the outcome of both natural and assisted conceptions. A recent statement released by the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) further substantiates this association.
Some of the key Lifestyle Modifications to Improve infertility and Increase your chances of getting pregnant are as follows:
Alcohol consumption: There is limited data substantiating an association between female alcohol use prior to the IVF cycle and adverse pregnancy outcomes, and male consumption and higher rate of miscarriages and reduced live births. Also, these associations were reported to be dose-dependent and considerably higher when the time of intake was close to the treatment cycles.
The study linked prenatal alcohol consumption with enhanced risk for the following adverse effects:
• Reduced chances of conception, low pregnancy rates, and increased miscarriages
• Physical anomalies to behavioral and cognitive deficits in offspring, which can be included under the broad term, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD)
• Fetal death, fetal growth restriction, and preterm birth
Obesity: The reduced ovulation frequency and chances of conception observed in obese women could be attributed to the negative influence of obesity on hormonal and metabolic mechanisms. Such patients undergoing IVF possessed reduced chances of pregnancy (around 30%) as they required increased doses of gonadotropins for ovarian stimulation compared to women with recommended body mass index (BMI). The literature study reported enhanced risks for the following during both natural and assisted conceptions in obese patients:
In pregnant women:
• Increased miscarriage rate of around 30%
• Gestational diabetes, with the risk ranging from 2-fold in overweight patients to 8-fold in those suffering from morbid obesity (BMI =40)
• Birth complications and perinatal death
• Congenital abnormalities, including 80% increase in neural tube defects and 30% rise in cardiovascular anomalies
Considering the negative impact of these lifestyle factors, fertility specialist has put forth five key recommendations for the physicians practicing in the ART field.
• Fertility treatment should not be provided to women whose alcohol consumption is more than moderate levels, and to those unwilling or unable to reduce their consumption.
• Special justification is needed to treat women who are severe or morbidly obese. Weight loss is reported to exert a positive effect on the reproductive potential. However, further data are mandatory to make the IVF treatment conditional to prior lifestyle modifications in obese and smoking women.
• If the ART treatment is made conditional upon lifestyle changes, the physicians should assist the patients in achieving the required results.
• Before initiating the treatment, physician counseling should be directed towards insisting patients to take serious efforts to reduce weight and stop smoking. However, this is not recommended in the case of women approaching the end of their reproductive years, due to implied time delay in attaining these results.
• Further evidence and increased contribution from fertility specialists involved in scientific research are mandatory to substantiate the reproductive effects of alcohol consumption, obesity, smoking, and other lifestyle-related factors.
Control of Obesity, tobacco smoking and alcohol consumption to imporve the fertility will be great,which can further be enhanced by important tips below.
Coffee, energy drinks, soda, and chocolate all contain caffeine. However, caffeine has been shown to affect the DNA of sperm and decreasing their motility if it is consumed on a regular basis. If you consume any caffeine on a regular basis, stop doing so now.
Consuming many drugs, legal and otherwise, can have a negative effect on male fertility.
Some occupations have been directly related to lower male fertility, including those that work with pesticides, cleaning chemicals, and other toxins. If you work at a job that involves working with chemicals, evaluate your options and what alternatives you may have concerning exposure to them.
Exercise has been shown to boost male fertility, however, activities such as biking and cycling have done the opposite. Due to the bicycle seat impacting the testicles in a negative way, sperm quality and quantity are lowered. Avoid activities where physical trauma can occur to the testicles to ensure higher fertility.
For much of the same reason listed above, sitting or driving for long periods has also shown to decrease male fertility. Avoid sitting for long periods, and if necessary, get up or out of the car and walk around for a few minutes to avoid damage to the sperm.
Diet is important to male fertility, but something to avoid when trying for a successful pregnancy is MSG. MSG has been shown to lower the success rates of impregnation in test subjects by 50% when it was consumed prior to testing. MSG is present in many potato chips, soups, and seasonings. Be sure and check the labels of any processed foods before buying or consuming them.
Avoid hot tubs, hot showers and baths, and saunas when trying to boost male fertility. Exposure to high temperatures causes severe damage to the sperm that must maintain a very regulated temperature to survive and be healthy.
The final tip here isn’t something to avoid like the others above, but just the opposite. New recent studies have shown that having sex more often leads to higher quality sperm. This is likely due to the sperm not being subjected to environmental and physical harm in the testicles. This can lead to higher quality sperm in males in only a few days.
Lifestyle modification should be the preferred to initial treatment of infertility.The IVF is a treatment where fertilization of the egg is done outside the womb in a Petri-dish. The man’s sperm and woman’s egg are fertilized in a vitro (glass) dish and after fertilization the resulting embryo is transferred into the uterus of the woman.
For further information on any question relating to IVF treatment,infertility issues,test tube baby clinic, surrogacy treatment,surrogate mother,surrogacy in India or infertility specialist you may contact
Rotunda- Centre for human reproduction
Phone:+91 22 2640 5000
Call us from uk on:44-2080997519
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Assisting intended parents attain the Joy and Pride of Parenthood.IVf ,fertility,infertility expert,surrogacy specialist in India at Rotundaivf.com offers a wide range of options to fulfill your dreams of parenthood. With the most well-equipped, state of the art infertility treatment available and highly experienced experts in the field; we have been able to assist couples and singles all over the world at a most affordable price.
Originally posted 2014-05-20 17:19:44. Republished by Blog Post Promoter